The Internet has evolved into a global portal and the go-to platform for information searching, social interaction, learning, and entertainment. There are approximately 4.66 billion worldwide Internet users. Web development has become a rapidly expanding sector considering the increasing number of Internet users. The website Design & Development sector is expected to climb by 13% between now and 2030, which is a significantly faster rate of growth than most other technical industries.
Website development is all about web markup and coding. But in the broader picture, the duties of a Web Development Company involve all related development duties, including server-side scripting, client-side scripting, server and network security settings, eCommerce development, and content management system (CMS) development. We’ll walk you through a thorough overview of your web development journey today.
Part One: The Basics of Web Development
It is not always mandatory to have fancy degrees to become a website developer. If someone has the passion for the job and the knowledge of the following, with practical application, it will turn them into a Full Stack Development expert. You need to know the
- The basic principles of how websites and the Internet operate
- Other programming languages, such as Ruby (reserved for back-end web developers) and Python
- GitHub and Git
Do not become overwhelmed by this. It’s important that you study slowly and proceed step-by-step as you build a solid basis since all of these skills organically build on each other. Now, let’s discuss all of these in brief-
The Technology Stack
A tech stack is a collection of programs, tools, programming languages, and other elements that work together to create a website. Based on their particular demands and goals, web developers and website development services will use different tech stacks.
Different programming languages are used by front-end development and back-end development frameworks. To get you started, let’s take a look at a few popular ones.
|Back-end Development Frameworks|
|Name||Prominent Users||Basic Features||Complexity|
|Express JS||IBM and Uber||minimalist design||Hard For Beginners|
|Django||Google, and Instagram||tons of built-in features based on Python||Hard For Beginners|
|Spring Boot||Ford Motor Company||suitable for large-scale cloud projects based on Java||easy to set up|
|Ruby on Rails||SoundCloud||suitable for small projects; based on Ruby||easy to use|
|Flask||Lyft||based on Python||easy to set up|
|Front-end Development Frameworks|
|Name||Prominent Users||Basic Features||Complexity|
|Angular||Forbes||good for Single-Page applications; based on TypeScript||moderate|
A library is a collection of particular tools and features that you can add to your website to make it more functional. A library, as opposed to a framework, doesn’t provide any structure; instead, it implements numerous features and activities on your Full Stack Development. The libraries are the extra features and parts customized to the website to meet your needs. There are many different libraries, each with its own purpose.
To get an idea of what they can achieve, let’s look at a few.
- jQuery: for using HTML, DOM, and CSS
- React.js: for building interactive UIs
- Wow.js: for displaying animations as you scroll
- Scrolline.js: for showing how far the user has scrolled on a page
The two libraries you should focus on learning right now are jQuery and React.js. They have a ton of unique features and are extremely popular.
When you start off with the right resources, you’ll be prepared to learn more quickly and effectively. A browser, a text editor, and a version control system are the only three essential tools you need to get started with Website Design & Development.
A web browser can take you anywhere on the internet. It pulls data from other websites and displays it on your computer or mobile device.
|Mozilla Firefox||open-source, native on all platforms||lots of updates|
|Edge||integrated with Windows||cons similar to IE|
|Brave||focused on performance and security||poor plug-in support|
|Safari||great dev tools||not integrated with Windows|
|Opera||free VPS service||cons similar to IE|
Your code will be written here. Text editors come in a wide variety. There is probably one integrated into your computer already, but we recommend selecting powerful ones. Web developers at a professional Web Development Company typically use the following text editors:
|Atom||open-source||created by GitHub||known for its speed (free)|
|Sublime Text||cross-platform||created by Jon Skinner, Sublime HQ||known for its plugins and shortcuts ($70)|
|VS Code||open-source||created by Microsoft||interactive debugger (free)|
|Brackets||open-source||created by Adobe||live preview feature (free)|
CMS is software that helps you edit, create, and publish your work. A content management system (CMS) allows you content control by combining all of your website’s functions into one easily navigable platform. Many of these support content delivery, marketing, and management.
A CMS often makes use of a database (like MySQL or MariaDB), which keeps a selection of applications and tools that use a certain programming language. In this way, you can keep and change your website without having to go back and change small parts of your code. The number of users, team size, and user-friendliness are key factors to consider when selecting a CMS.
WordPress is an ideal CMS for beginners. It is a free, open-source website hosting platform for creating and publicizing websites. It offers minimal entry difficulties for newbies and is especially popular among bloggers. With such a large network of support, you’re sure to discover solutions to your issues as they occur. Drupal, Typo3, and Joomla are a few other notable CMS programs.
Let’s go into the different Website Development types now!
Whether you want to hire a Web Development Company or become a developer yourself, you need to understand the different kinds of Website Design & Development. There are many categories of web development that mostly correspond to the various sectors of the industry. Web developers often have expertise in several different Website Development types, and some of these distinctions overlap.
Front-end developers focus on the user- or client-side of websites, applications, and software. Layout, navigation, visuals, and other aesthetic elements are all key factors of Front-end Development. These developers’ main task is to create interfaces that help users achieve their goals, which is why they often play a role in the user experience part of their projects.
Users only see the front end, while the back end is unknown to them. For everything to function properly behind the scenes, back-end web developers work on the servers which host websites, programs, and software. In Back-end Development, developers handle the code for site security, content, and architecture while working with tools like servers, operating systems, application programming interfaces, and databases. They work together with front-end developers to make their products available to users.
Full-stack developers have specialization in both front-end and back-end operations. They are capable of creating a complete website, application, or piece of software. The term “Full Stack Development” refers to the several technologies, including the server, interface, and others, that manage various functionalities on a single website. These developers specialize in optimizing performance, identifying problems before they arise, and helping team members in learning every aspect of a web service.
Website developers can work as front-end, back-end, or full-stack designers. In contrast to video games, desktop applications, or mobile apps, these specialists focus exclusively on Website Development.
Desktop Development experts specialize in creating software that runs locally on your device rather than online through a web browser. When an application can run both online and offline, the skillset of these developers can be comparable with that of web developers.
Mobile Development focuses on the creation of applications for mobile devices. Mobile applications operate very differently from standard websites and software programs, requiring a unique combination of development skills and expertise with specialized programming languages.
Game developers write code for video games, including consoles (Xbox, PlayStation, etc.), PC, and mobile games; thus, game Development has some overlap with mobile development.
Developers that specialize in embedded systems deal with any equipment that isn’t a computer. This covers electronic interfaces, IoT devices, consumer electronics, real-time systems, and more. As seen by smart appliances, Wireless technologies, and AI-powered assistants, there has been an upsurge in networked devices, making embedded development highly sought after!
For a software application or website’s security, security developers provide solutions and protocols. These Security Development experts often act as ethical hackers, hoping to “break” websites to discover flaws without a malicious purpose. They also create tools for discovering and fixing security holes.
Let’s get into the real part: Website Design & Development Process!
A Website Design & Development is not a cakewalk. Based on the type of website, available resources, and programming languages, each development process is unique. The process of creating a website is briefly described in the next section, along with an overview.
To create a plan for your Website Development, it’s important to get in touch with teams and staff members across your organization before putting pen to paper or fingers on the computer. Here are the top considerations:
- The goal of your website
- The target audience and their intention of using the website
- The type of website
- Type of content delivery and publish a volume
- The purpose of content creation
- Structural preference of website’s navigation features
- The maximum budget for the project
Making a roadmap at the beginning of the process is far simpler than having to go back and undo your progress after hitting a roadblock.
Each excellent website starts out with a strategy. Website Development experts refer to this as a wireframe. Instead of a formal document; it can simply be a vision for your website that will serve as guidelines and a place for things to start for both you and your developer(s). It can be drawn on a whiteboard.
You can visualize the placement of text and graphics on individual web pages using wireframes. To get a sense of how your material will appear on the front end, use empty boxes and “dummy text.” Wireframes can help your Website design & Development Company understand what you have in mind by giving them a visual representation.
The next step is building a sitemap. A sitemap provides a developer with the information for Full Stack Development, just as a business plan provides potential investors with insight into what you want to accomplish. Both alone and in collaboration with your developer(s), you can construct a sitemap.
Here are a few considerations to make:
- Types and number of webpages
- Content distribution of each page
- Organizing the web pages into categories
- Web Page hierarchy of the website
- Internal linking of the webpages
- Essential products and categories for determining user experience
- Process of combining or deleting pages and categories
Once more, it’s a smart idea to consult with other teams inside your company. If you have a content strategy or SEO team, their suggestions will be important in structuring your pages’ links and categorizing them.
The coding comes next in the website & development process. Different coding languages are used by a professional Web Development Company to create the front end and back end of websites as well as the various site features (including design, interactivity, etc.). Your site is built and operated using a combination of these several languages. Get started with the most commonly used languages.
CSS, or cascading style sheets, was created in the late 1990s. It enhances websites’ overall “look” by adding design components like font, colors, and layouts. Similar to HTML5, CSS is browser-independent and lets developers modify your website to meet the look you have in mind.
Writing code may be one of the most difficult aspects of web development, but it is far from the only one. You also have to develop the back-end and front-end site architecture and design. Data that supports front-end functionality is managed by the back end. Back-end Development includes-
- Databases: These are in charge of collecting, arranging, and handling data so that it can be retrieved by server requests.
- Servers: Your computer is made up of servers, which comprise the hardware and software. Data requests are sent, processed, and received by servers. They act as a go-between for the client or browser and the database.
The basis of each website is constructed using these elements in collaboration. Back-end Development will set up three things-
- Logic code: Your website’s logic code specifies how different requests will be handled and how each of the parts of your website’s objects will interact with one another.
- Database Management: Organizing, managing, and retrieving data for your website will all be done through your database management.
- Server Infrastructure: Your website will be hosted using your infrastructure. You’ll have more control if you host your own website, but it will cost you much more, and you’ll need to look after the security and health of your own server.
Your website will be prepared for front-end development once all of these parts have been selected.
Front-end development is something that you’ve probably seen before if you’ve ever experimented with online design or played around with a website built in WordPress, Squarespace, or Google Sites. The front-end elements are important as they define what your users, clients, and visitors see and how they interact with your website.
Client-side coding becomes outdated far more quickly than back-end coding as technology and user preferences evolve. Get in touch with a reliable Web Development Company like Exato Software to get some front-end coding resources that suit your development project.
Why would someone select a CMS over writing code “by hand” or “from scratch”? It is true that a CMS is less versatile and gives you less control over your front end. However, a CMS is simpler to use (you have to write less code) and generally comes with features for hosting the website, saving user information, building a blog, creating landing pages, generating leads, and even forming an email list. So, with less than half the effort, you can increase the ROI potential of your Website Design & Development.
CMS options often come with plugins that minimize the need to create a backend. For instance, there are WordPress plugins for eCommerce so that you can simply make use of these plugins and avoid dealing with databases and server-side code instead of having to develop a complex backend to charge consumers’ credit cards. HubSpot, Joomla, Magento, and WordPress—which hold more than 65% of the market—are popular content management systems.
Your website will now have an IP address. It must also have a domain name, a catchy website name that visitors will use to find your website. Websites like Hover and GoDaddy may be known to you. You can purchase a domain name and register with ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) with the help of these services. Most domain registrations last for a year before needing to be renewed. You can purchase a domain name using website builders and hosting providers like WordPress.
You’re almost ready to publish your creation online after you’ve registered a domain name and connected it to your host. But don’t jump to conclusions just yet; there are still other things you need to double-check before a launch. These include dividing up team duties, thoroughly testing your site for bugs, SEO optimization, and a final check before “flipping the switch” and going live with your site.
Website Design & Development is important for making business ideas into reality. An impactful online presence cannot be neglected in the twenty-first century. The website promotes branding and marketing while providing insight into the company’s culture and beliefs in the market. A feature-packed website also offers visitors a uniform experience across many platforms. Here are some ways in which a website helps a business-
- Virtually Connects with Customers
- Brings More Leads and Sales
- Offers Competitive Advantage
- Boost Brand Awareness and Customer Loyalty
Website Development paves the way for building relationships with clients. There are several ways that a user-centric website can support growing brand recognition and loyalty among customers. Intuitive and simple-to-use websites, for instance, will make consumers’ experiences wonderful and will encourage them to form a positive connection with the brand.
If you have a fantastic website that satisfies all of their demands and has features they love, they’ll return again. Web development also plays a vital role in generating more leads and sales. If you don’t have an SEO-optimized and featured-rich website, your business will lose business to your competitors. If you are planning to expand your business or reach out to a new market or a new demographic, do not delay in contacting a Web Development Company.
Join Exato Software for website design and development if you want to become a market leader. If you are an entrepreneur and looking for effective solutions for your business-specific website development, get in touch with our full-stack, mobile, and desktop developers. The team at our Web Development Company will collaborate with you to make your project a huge success in generating more revenue while expanding your business!